About Hainan

Hainan is the smallest province of the People's Republic of China (PRC). The name "Hainan" also refers to Hainan Island, the main island of the province. Hainan is located in the South China Sea, separated from Guangdong's Leizhou Peninsula to the north by the shallow and narrow Qiongzhou Strait.

The province has an area of 33,920 square kilometres (13,100 sq mi) and is China's southernmost province. Although it comprises some two hundred islands scattered among three archipelagos off the southern coast, 32,900 square kilometres (12,700 sq mi) (97%) of its land mass is Hainan Island, from which the province takes its name. The PRC government claims territories of the province extend to the southern Spratly Islands, Paracel Islands, and other disputed marine territory.


Hainan, separated by the Qiongzhou Strait (瓊州海峽) from the Leizhou Peninsula (雷州半島) of Guangdong, is the largest island administered by the People's Republic of China. The area of Hainan Island (32,900 km2 (12,700 sq mi), 97% of the province) is similar to that of Belgium. To the west of Hainan Island is the Gulf of Tonkin. Wuzhi Mountain (1,840 m) is the highest mountain on the island.

Hainan Island measures 155 kilometres (96 mi) long and 169 km (105 mi) wide.


Hainan has a tropical moist monsoonal climate. Its annual temperature change is less than 15 °C (27.0 °F). The coldest months are January and February when the temperatures drop to 16 to 21 °C (61 to 70 °F); the hottest months are July and August, and the temperatures are 25 to 29 °C (77 to 84 °F). Except for the mountainous regions in the central part of the island, the daily average temperature in Hainan is above 10 °C (50 °F), and the integrated temperature during the growing season of the crops reaches eight thousand to nine thousand degree Celsius-days. The summer in the north is hot and, for more than 20 days in a year, the temperature can be higher than 35 °C (95 °F). The average annual precipitation is 1,500 to 2,000 millimetres (59 to 79 in) and can be as high as 2,400 millimetres (94 in) in central and eastern areas, and as low as 900 millimetres (35 in) in the coastal areas of the southwest. The eastern part of Hainan lies in the path of typhoons, and 70% of the annual precipitation is derived from typhoons and the summer rainy season. Major flooding occurs due to the typhoons and they can cause many problems for the local residents


Hainan's economy is predominantly agricultural, and more than a half of the island's exports are agricultural products. Hainan's elevation to province-level status (1988), however, was accompanied by its designation as China's largest "special economic zone", the intent being to hasten the development of the island's plentiful resources.

Prior to this, the province had a reputation for being a "Wild West" area, largely untouched by industrialisation; even today there are relatively few factories in the province. Tourism plays an important part of Hainan's economy, thanks largely to its tropical beaches and lush forests


The central government has encouraged foreign investment in Hainan and has allowed the island to rely to a large extent on market forces.

Hainan's industrial development largely has been limited to the processing of its mineral and agricultural products, particularly rubber and iron ore. Since the 1950s, machinery, farm equipment, and textiles have been manufactured in the Haikou area for local consumption. A major constraint on industrial expansion has been an inadequate supply of electricity. Much of the island's generating capacity is hydroelectric, and it is subject to seasonal fluctuations in stream and river flows.

Its nominal GDP for 2011 was 251.5 billion yuan (US$39.9 billion), making it the 4th smallest in all of the PRC and contributes just 0.53% to the entire country's economy. At that time, its GDP per capita was 19,166 yuan (US$2,805).

By the first quarter of 2010, Hainan had the highest increase in GDP of any province in China, with a year-on-year increase of 25.1%. The GDP of Hainan's Qionghai city grew 58.7%.

In December 2009, the government of China announced that it plans to establish Hainan as an "international tourist destination" by 2020.[12] This announcement contributed to a surge in the province's economy, with a year-on-year increase in investment of 136.9% in the first three months of 2010. Hainan's real estate sector accounted for more than one third of the province's economic growth


The population density of Hainan is low compared to most Chinese coastal provinces. Compared to Taiwan Island, and to other islands of the Sinosphere, Hainan has both fewer mountains and more plains


During 2011, more than 30 million tourists visited Hainan, mostly from mainland China. Of the 814,600 overseas tourists, 227,600 of them came from Russia, a 53.3 percent a rise year-on-year.[28] Total revenue during that year was 32 billion RMB ($4.3 billion US), up 25 percent from 2010.[29]

In the first quarter of 2012, the Hainan Provincial Tourism Development Commission reports that Hainan received 208,300 overnight visitors, 25 percent of whom came from Russia.[28]

In 2000, the province initiated a visa-upon-arrival policy for foreign tourist groups. It is available to citizens of twenty-six different countries, and was established in order to attract visitors.

Hainan Island is often divided into eight regions for tourism purposes: Haikou and area (Haikou, Qiongshan, Ding'an); the Northeast (Wenchang); the Central East Coast (Qionghai, Ding'an); the South East Coast; the South (Sanya); the West Coast also called the Chinese Riviera (Ledong, Dongfang, Xianghsui, Changjiang); the North West (Danzhou, Lingao, Chengmai); and the Central Highlands (Baisha, Qiongzhong, and Wuzhishan/Tongzha).


Sanya (三亚18°15′12″N 109°30′13″E), known for its impressive beauty and esteemed visitors, is the southernmost ocean city on Hainan Island, located in the South China Sea. Just south of Guangdong province, and with Vietnam to the west and the Philippines to the southeast, Sanya’s prime location makes it significant for regional and international trading, business, and tourism.

Covering nearly 2000 square kilometers, including 19 bays and harbors, and 40 islands, Sanya supports a rich array of natural landscape. With a lush mountainous terrain and an easy tropical climate, Sanya’s temperatures in December stay between 68F-82F degrees (20C-28C). This geography is home as well to rare tropical and mangrove forests. It’s abundant biodiversity has produced rising industries in fishery, fruit production, tourism, and clean energy. The government in Sanya builds on the city’s clean and green reputation, attracting visitors and businesspeople equally to its beautiful beaches, international events and conferences, and growing investment opportunities.

Sanya’s effective investment and business policies have made it the model city for the Hainan Special Economic Zone. To support increasing international investment, the city offers preferential treatment for foreign investors and visitors, including duty-free expenditures and a 15-day visa exemption for visitors from countries such as the US, France, the UK, and Germany, from which a majority of its visitors come. With this approach, Sanya is developing a number of major projects. The solar energy power plant opened last fall with a 100-million watt capacity. The major duty-free shopping center is expanding and the multi-functional Central Fishing Wharf is due to be complete in 2014. Most recently, the government has confirmed plans to develop an international yacht harbor. These moves, as well as natural gas-based chemical engineering, automobile manufacturing, and papermaking industries, have led to urbanization and a growing economy. To support these new job opportunities, city officials have focused on education and technical training, establishing technology and vocational schools, subsidized secondary education for the poor, and programs specifically geared for rural women. As a result literacy is nearly universal. As the city grows and public transportation expands, the city is dedicated to protecting its ecological assets.

With businesspeople from across China and the world gathering in Sanya, the high-end tourism sector and parallel industries are rapidly growing. Top-tier hotels and hotel service, fine dining, real estate, and outdoors and adventure activities accommodate the growing number of visitors. The city has become one of the world’s most visited regions for scuba and professional diving, and each year a great number of travelers pay visit for its golf courses.

There are four main traveling districts in Sanya:

Da Dong Hai, 2 km from downtown Sanya, is known for sea sports and beach entertainment.

Nan Shan, 20 km from downtown, is the southernmost mountain on mainland China and is known for its natural landscape and Buddhist culture.

TianyaHaijiao, 23 km from downtown, translates to ‘the remotest corner on Earth’ and is one of the most beloved tourist sites in all of China. The iconic ‘Southern Heaven’ rock is featured on the 2-Yuan paper note.

Wu Zhi Zhou, an island just off the city, attracts tourists to its pristine beaches, clear waters and scuba diving. Additional Attractions:

The Sheraton Hotel is on Yalong Bay Beach, also called Eastern Hawaii.

The Yalong Bay Tropical Heaven Forest Park overlooks the entire bay, and offers the opportunity to participate in traditional local cultural activities, as well as hike amidst the flora and fauna.

YaNuo Da Rainforest Park is another forest preserve for hiking and exploring.

ZhujiangNanquan Hot Springs offer both indoor and outdoor bathing.

Nanshan Buddhist Temple, also on the beaches, attracts thousands of pilgrims annually.

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